The Flags of Italy
The Italian tricolor, il Tricolore, consists of vertical stripes of green, white and red.
The green is always next to the pole, the white in the middle, and the red at the end.
It was modelled on
the French flag but green was used instead of blue. This change of color took place in 1796 when
the Lombard Natonal Guard and later the Italian voluntary Lombard Legion were formed; it is said that
the colors were suggested by Napoleon whose favorite color was green.
Dante offered an alternate
explanation in his Divine Comedy. He claimed the colors represented the three cardinal
virtues: hope (green), faith (white) and charity (red).
In 1797 the green-white-red
colors became the flag of the Cisalpine Republic, then in 1802 of the Italian Republic which became
the Kingdom of Italy in 1805, lasting until 1814.
The tricolor flag was restored in 1848 when Victor
Emmanuel II, King of Sardinia-Piedmont, adopted it as his flag, placing in its center the coat of
arms of his House of Savoy - a silver cross on a red shield with a blue border. In this form the
tricolor became the flag of united Italy in 1861; only in 1946 when the country became a republic
was the royal coat of arms removed from the flag.
For additional information on the flags of Italy, visit the
AllStates Flag & Banner Company.
Italian Centre of Vexillological Studies
Established in 1973, the Italian Centre of Vexillological Studies is a non-profit Italian
organization dedicated to the promotion of vexillology, the scientific study of flags.
If you need any information about vexillology and about all kind
of flags of the world, present and historical, please visit their Italian Flags Gallery.
Includes: Medieval carroccio flags,
Federazione dei Comunisti Anarchici,
Origin of the Italian flag in Reggio Emilia,
Forza Italia flag,
Italian pol parties: Nuovarep and Forza Italia,
Touring Club Italiano flag,
Italian provinces map,
Liga Veneta Repubblica flag, plus many more.